Journal cover Journal topic
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Volume 1
Abstr. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 1, 342, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-abs-1-342-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Abstr. Int. Cartogr. Assoc., 1, 342, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-abs-1-342-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  15 Jul 2019

15 Jul 2019

A proposal of topographic map symbols for large-scale maps of urban areas in Brazil

Claudia Robbi Sluter1, Silvana Philippi Camboim2, Andrea Lopes Iescheck1, and Luciane Borges Pereira3 Claudia Robbi Sluter et al.
  • 1Department of Geodesy, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Gonçalves, 9500, CEP 91540-000, Porto Alegre, Brazil
  • 2Department of Geomatics, Federal University of Parana, Centro Politénico, Jardim das Américas, Caixa Postal 19001, CEP 81531-980 Curitiba, Brazil
  • 3Department of Geoprocessing and Estate Management, COPEL Geração e Transmissão S/A, José Isidoro Biazetto Street, 158, CEP 81200-240, Curitiba, Brazil

Keywords: topographic mapping, map symbology, topographic mapping standardization

Abstract. This paper addresses a historical issue in Brazil that is that topographic mapping has been performed without application of the theories of cartography to local reality. With the lack of research on this subject, the rules and standards for topographic mapping in Brazil are based on solutions that have been developed in other countries. Even though topographic maps are not a frequent topic of cartographic research, as cited by Kent (2009), when the methods, techniques, and standards are imported from other countries, they are established by considering different natural, rural, and urban landscapes; different histories of land use and occupation; and different cultures. Consequently, it is essential to develop studies that address the theoretical issues of topographic mapping and to verify their suitability to Brazilian reality, considering the geographical aspects that must be represented in topographic mapping. Such a foundation of scientific knowledge is essential to producing solutions that are adapted to the environmental conditions and needs of Brazilian users and society.

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